Health As a Fundamental Human Right
The World Health Organization’s Constitution of 1948 recognizes health as a fundamental human right, a right to enjoy the best possible standard of physical, mental, and social well-being, regardless of race, religion, political beliefs, or socioeconomic status. The notion of health also encompasses the ability to deal with stress, develop and maintain relationships, and learn new skills. A person’s health depends on a variety of factors, but all are essential to the enjoyment of life.
The World Health Organisation defines health as “the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.” In this view, health is not merely the absence of disease but also the ability to meet needs. In order to maintain health, individuals must strive to avoid unhealthy situations and encourage activities that promote wellness. The World hOrganisation defines health as “a complete state of physical, social, and emotional well-being”. However, this definition is not always clear-cut. It depends on several factors, some of which are controlled by personal or social choices, others are the result of structural factors.
Currently, the World Health Organisation’s constitution defines health as “the highest possible state of physical, mental, and social well-being.” The World Health Organization constitution states that health is “a fundamental human right without distinction of race, political beliefs, or economic status.” As a result, nation states have endorsed the right to health as part of their national constitutions. They are legally obligated to ensure that all citizens have access to quality health and to implement health-promoting practices in times of illness and other conditions.