What Is Sport?

According to Michael Brown, definition of sport is “a competitive activity or event involving physical exertion.” This definition excludes gymnastics, track and field competitions, golf, archery, and markmanship. A sport is anything that involves a team of players or individuals. It improves the mental and physical state of the participants. As a result, it promotes calmness and good sportsmanship. It also builds stamina and strengthens bones.


The earliest evidence of sports date back to 2000 BC, where ancient Chinese people practiced gymnastics. In ancient Egypt, evidence of well-developed sport can be found in monuments to the Pharaohs. Egyptian games included wrestling, high jump, javelin throwing, and high jump. In the Ancient Persian era, sports included Zoorkhaneh martial arts and jousting. Modern-day motorised sports have been developed since.

In organised sport, records of performance are kept. The results of popular sports are widely announced, resulting in extensive sport news coverage. Many spectators are attracted to sporting events, while televised games reach a wider audience. Kearney estimates that the global sporting industry was worth $620 billion in 2013. The sport business is a multibillion-dollar industry, but is rapidly growing. It is a great source of entertainment, attracting large crowds to sporting venues.

A sports scientist or engineer has a primary focus on human activities. While sports engineers focus on external interactions, sport scientists study the internal state of the athlete. They design motion capture systems and interpret data. They are often confused with each other. In the United States, however, sport scientists are the most common. In the UK, the sports scientists are concerned with the external interaction of an athlete. Ultimately, these two professions share a common objective.